The town of Stellenbosch was founded in 1679. It is a European settlement in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. The town became known as the "City of Oaks" due to the large number of oak trees that were planted by the founder. The region is equipped with dark alluvial clay soils, a Mediterranean climate, and hilly slopes that keep the hot afternoon sun at bay. Summers in Stellenbosch are dry and warm while the winters are cool and rainy. The most planted grape of the region is Chenin Blanc. Cabernet Sauvignon and Cinaut are the two red grapes planted in Stellenbosch.