or Bourgogne (bor guh nyeh)-this region in eastern France, known equally for the excellence of its red and white wines, consists mostly of small estates, or domaines. Although its climate and soil are particularly suited to the Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes, with Gamay dominant in the southern district of Beaujolais, Burgundy’s terroir is so varied that each vineyard creates distinctive wines. This wide variety accounts for not only the plethora of sublime wines coming from this region, but also for the relatively small production levels. There are five main districts in Burgundy: The Côte d’Or, The Côte Chalonnaise, Chablis, The Mâconnais, and Beaujolais. Red Burgundy is paler than Bordeaux, ranging in color from garnet to cherry or ruby, because the Pinot Noir grape has less color than the Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot grapes. It tends to be full in body and low in tannin. The characteristic aroma is cherries and berries, with woodsy, or mushroomy accents. When a red burgundy ages, it often develops a silky texture, richness, and natural sweetness of fruit flavors. Red Burgundies are great to drink young because of their softness and fruitiness, and they are incredibly versatile companions to food.